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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

1 edition of Genetics and interrelationships of fruit and seed size in Arachis hypogaea L. found in the catalog.

Genetics and interrelationships of fruit and seed size in Arachis hypogaea L.

by Ignacio J. de Godoy

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  • 36 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Peanuts

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesArachis hypogaea.
    Statementby Ignacio J. de Godoy
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 86 leaves :
    Number of Pages86
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25932997M
    OCLC/WorldCa7910459

      Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), a self-pollinated legume is an important crop cultivated in 24 million ha world over for extraction of edible oil and food kernels are rich in oil (48–50%) and protein (25–28%), and are source of several vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, biologically active polyphenols, flavonoids, and isoflavones. 1 INTRODUCTION. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), also known as peanut, is a member of genus Arachis and family Leguminosae (Krapovickas & Gregory, ).It is believed to have originated in the southern Bolivia to northern Argentina region of South America. The genus Arachis contains 80 species, and most of them are diploid (2n = 2x = 20) with only two allotetraploids.

    arachis hypogaea l () Filter by: Remove filter: agriculture () Filter by: Remove filter: food allergy () Filter by: Remove filter: arachis - microbiology () Filter by: Remove filter: arachis - genetics () Filter by: Remove filter: child (). Arachis villosulicarpa is a perennial species cultivated for its soft and tasty seeds by indigenous inhabitants of the Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Besides A. hypogaea, this species is considered as the only species of Arachis which represents a valuable food source for human consumption. Due to the lack of knowledge concerning the genetic diversity of A. villosulicarpa, this study was conducted.

    Abstract Fifty elite genotypes of bunch groundnut, Arachis hypogaea L. were evaluated in summer season to know the extent of genetic variability, nature and magnitude of association among the yield traits and their direct and indirect effects on pod. Arachis hypogaea Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Peanut Origin: South America. Species in the genus Arachis have an interesting reproductive biology because the seed-containing pods mature underground instead of aerially as in most legumes. The flowers .


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Genetics and interrelationships of fruit and seed size in Arachis hypogaea L by Ignacio J. de Godoy Download PDF EPUB FB2

Genetics and interrelationships of fruit and seed size in Arachis hypogaea L. / By Ignacio J. de Godoy Topics: Agronomy, Agronomy thesis : Ignacio J.

de Godoy. Inheritance of traits associated with seed size in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Article (PDF Available) in Euphytica (2) September with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Inheritance of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed traits particularly seed weight, seed length, seed width and length:width ratio was explored in this study. Six-generation mean analysis was carried with two groundnut crosses and their reciprocals in 2 years. Groundnut genotypes significantly differing in seed sizes were used as by: 9.

the genetic gain for release of improved groundnut varieties. KEYWORDS breeding, genetic maps, genetics, genomics, groundnut, molecular markers, QTL 1 | INTRODUCTION Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), also known as peanut, is a member of genus Arachis and family Leguminosae (Krapovickas & Gregory, ).

It is believed to have originated in the Cited by: 7. The seeds of groundnut cultivar GG‐2 were categorized according to their test weight ( seed weight) as bold ( g), medium ( g), small ( g), small wrinkled ( g) and control ( g) seed lot.

The variation in their size and dimension was also taken into by: 1. Major seed size QTL on chromosome A05 of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is conserved in the US mini core germplasm collection Article (PDF Available) in Molecular Breeding 40(1) January with Arachis hypogaea L., commonly known as peanut, groundnut, monkey nut, goober, or earth nut because the seed develop underground, is in the division Papiolionaceae of the family Leguminosae.

The peanut is only one of a few hundred species of legumes that produces flowers above ground but develops the fruit below ground. Abstract. Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an annual herb, with geocarpic fruits, and an indeterminate growth is classified as a legume in the plant family Fabaceae.

Carl Linneaus first described the cultivated species inas A. hypogaea L. Cultivated peanut can be classified into two subspecies, fastigiata and hypogaea, based on the presence or absence of floral axes. indirect selection for a component trait such as seed size than direct selection for seed weight itself.

The additive genetic effects observed for both traits will enhance pure line breeding. Keywords: Arachis Hypogaea L. ;Seed Size Seed Weight Filial Generation Additive Dominance * Corresponding author. E-mail address: [email protected] INTRODUCTION. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an oil and food is an allotetraploid (2n = 40) indeterminate and cleistogamous (Gregory et al., ).The aim of most peanut breeding programs is to increase yield of seed or oil, improve shelling and milling properties and enhance quality of end use products (Coffelt and Hammons, ).Yield especially, is a complex character governed by a.

Introduction. The peanut is the edible seed of the plant Arachis hypogaea L. Originating in South America, peanuts are now widely cultivated in warm countries throughout the world, and are known by many local names. Although the fruit of this plant is considered a “nut” in the culinary sense, in the botanical sense the fruit is a legume or pod.

The genetic base of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in the U.S.A. has at times been extremely narrow, particularly in specific production areas where a single cultivar may be grown in near-monoculture.

Abstract. Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important food and oil legume crop grown in the warmer areas of all six cial production occurs primarily in India, China, the United States, and Africa, as well as in South America, where peanut is believed to have originated.

Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an annual herb, with geocarpic fruits, and an indeterminate growth is classified as a legume in the plant family Fabaceae. Carl Linneaus first described the cultivated species inas A. hypogaea L.

Cultivated peanut can be classified into two subspecies, fastigiata and hypogaea, based on the presence or absence of floral axes on the.

Background. The genus Arachis is native to a region that includes Central Brazil and neighboring is known about the genetic variability of the Brazilian cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea, genome AABB) germplasm collection at the DNA understanding of the genetic diversity of cultivated and wild species of peanut (Arachis spp.) is essential to develop strategies of.

Arachis hypogaea is a ANNUAL growing to m (1ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile. It can fix Nitrogen.

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Gibbons RW. Adaptation and utilization of groundnuts in different environments and farming systems. Advances in Legume Systematics: – de Godoy IJ. Genetics and interrelationships of fruit and seed size in Arachis hypogaea L.

Dissertation Abstracts Interntaional B 42(9)B. IBPGR/ICRISAT. Groundnut descriptors, Rome. The inheritance of pod- and seed-number traits (PSNT) in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is poorly the present study, a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population of lines was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) for number of seeds per pod (NSP), number of pods per plant (NPP), and numbers of one- two- and three-seeded pods per plant (N1PP, N2PP, and N3PP) in four.

The chromosome complements of 12 taxa in section Arachis were karyotypically and meiotically analysed. In taxa with 2n=20 the arm ratio of the respective pair of chromosomes was taken as an independent quantitative character and statistically analysed by Mahalanobis D2.

Two clusters were formed, one represented solely by A. batizocoi and the other consisting of the remaining 11 taxa. Genetic diversity in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes and detection of marker trait associations for plant habit and seed size using genomic and genic SSRs Article Sep.

Genetic Variability and Path Analysis of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Article (PDF Available) in The Agriculturists 9(1&2) November with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is grown worldwide as an oilseed crop.

In many countries, peanut seeds do an important contribution to the people diet because they are a good source of proteins and lipids for human nutrition.Arachis hypogaea, commonly known as peanut, is an herbaceous perennial that is raised as an annual.

It typically grows in a single season to ” tall and as wide. at which point continued growth pushes the ovary into the ground where the fruit (peanut) develops into a legume seed pod, each pod to 3” long and containing seeds.